There are basically two ways you can start a story. You can have all guns blazing action or you can establish the ordinary world of the character before things change.
Both approaches have their pros and cons and a lot of it depends on various factors to do with your story and what you consider to be right for you as a writer. But the problem comes when you show your first chapter to someone else and they don’t react in the way you’d hoped, making you lose confidence in what you had thought to be quite a good scene that set things up nicely.
Questions arise such as maybe the other approach would be better for this story, for this genre, for you as a writer. But the truth is these are the wrong questions. So if the start of your story isn’t attracting the kind of response you want, what are the questions you should be asking yourself?
Whether your opening is fast or slow is not a deciding factor in how readers will respond. The choice to start in the middle of high drama or ordinary life is simply that, a choice. There are countless examples of both approaches from hugely successful books, so it’s clear that both can work. And I don’t mean work under the right circumstances for particular genres, I mean they have been both used in every genre, by every type of writer.
There is no situation where you couldn’t successfully swap one for another, if you so chose, as long as certain key elements were present. Those key elements are far more important than the pacing of the opening pages.
Feedback is important. When a person you have asked to read over your story isn’t wowed by the opening, that’s very helpful (if somewhat painful). However, they often feel obliged to try and offer some explanation of why it didn’t work for them. They might say it was a bit too slow (i.e. boring) or a bit too fast (i.e. confusing) and this becomes your focus. But while you should definitely take heed of their lack of involvement with the story, their pinpointing of what they see as the problem is not all that useful.
All you need to be aware of is that they weren’t drawn into the world of the story, or to put it more simply, they didn’t find it very interesting.
This is the key question to bear in mind about the opening: Is it interesting?
It’s difficult because it isn’t something you can find the answer to on Google or by reading a book on grammar. Far easier to look at the structure and framework, which are nice and solid. Maybe if I make it a shorter chapter people will be more engaged? Or perhaps if I have a cliffhanger at the end of chapter one? Or maybe start with a cliffhanger?
“Interesting” is such an abstract word that it’s tempting to not look too hard at that part of the story. After all, what’s interesting to me may not be interesting to you. Why not just leave it for others to decide, etc.
Which is fine when things click and fall into place (as they occasionally do), but when they don’t and you have to fix it then you either have to roll up your sleeves and get a little analytical, or give up and write something else.
The thing is though, it isn’t so hard to make sure what you’re writing has the ingredients of an interesting story. You have a character, and this character has particular traits. Something about them is appealing to you as a writer. What?
In most fiction the character has a fairly narrow focus. A fictional character is only driven by one or two things. It defines who they are and what they try to do within the scope of a story. People in real life may obsess about something for a few days, get distracted, move onto something else, lose interest, etc. This doesn’t happen in fiction.
A hard-bitten cop who trusts no one, will be grouchy to the end. A wise-cracking waitress won’t become a sweet angel when she finds love. You might change them by putting them through various adventures, but that still requires you to know who they are at their core and what it would take to affect them.
Knowing these core traits is a vital element of any opening. If you don’t know this about your character that’s probably explains why your opening doesn’t grab readers. If you know what it is but don’t think it’s all that relevant to the story you’re telling, again, not going to work.
You need to figure it out (even if you have to write a terrible first draft to do so) and it has to not only be true to the character, it has to appeal to you as a writer.
Once you have a clear idea of what your main character is about (and this is also true of the other characters in your story) your opening scene should show that side of them.
It doesn’t matter if it’s done in a fast pace action scene or a down to earth bus ride to work, you need to introduce your character, through their defining feature, to the reader.
But that doesn’t mean you just show a happy man being happy or an angry man being angry. You don’t show something in fiction by simply creating an accurate picture of it. You show it by testing it.
A man who is happy and zen-like might be put in an aggravating position. An angry man is forced to be nice in front of his boss who might give him a raise.
It’s only when a character is put under pressure that we see who they really are. Someone might say they’re happy go lucky and nothing bothers them, but we only believe it when we see them live up to their claim. This principle is true in any part of a story, but it’s most important at the start, when we need to work out who we’re reading about as quickly as possible.
This testing of a person’s core trait automatically creates conflict, and therefore drama. Whatever the scenario, if the character is being true to themselves when events are trying to make them go another way, how they deal with it and the consequences that result will always be interesting. Then, of course, you just have to write the rest of the story.
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